Machu PicchuChapter 1—New World Encounters

A Blending of Cultures (3:37)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the blending traditions of the European and Indian cultures in the frontier regions of the New World.
Content Elements: Frontiers, New Mexican culture; Spanish culture/Indian culture; wheat tortilla; adaptive cultures; hybrid cultures.
Cortes Conquers the Aztecs (4.32)
Video Description: What happens when two civilizations that never knew the other existed meet ? This video examines the clash between the Spanish and the Aztecs in Mexico.
Content Elements: Herman Cortes; Mexico/Aztecs; Central Mexico; Aztec Empire; Montezuma; conquistadors; Tenochtitlan.
First Americans: The California Coast (3:37)
Video Description: The California coast was well populated by Native American tribes prior to European contact. Focusing on the largest of these tribes, the Chumash, this video highlights their unique culture known for planked canoes, astronomical knowledge, and a dependency on trade.
Content Elements:Native Americans/American Indians; California coast; creation story; Ohlone; Chumash; hunting & gathering/ planked canoe/astronomy.
First Americans: The Mississippi Valley (2:57)
Video Description: Cahokia was the largest urban community in the United States prior to the 19th century and was characterized by large man-made mounds. This fascinating and complex Native American society, which had disappeared by the time Europeansarrived, is the focus of this video.
Content Elements: Native Americans/American Indians; Mississippi River Valley/St. Louis; mound builders; Cahokia; agriculture; Monk's Mound; trade network; descendants/Choctaw/ Chickasaw/Natchez.
First Americans: The Northeast (3:35)
Video Description: This video describes the Native American tribes in the Northeast. These groups were well known for both their long houses and the formation of the Iroquois League, an early form of democracy that would make a deep impression on European settlers.
Content Elements: Native Americans/American Indians; Northeast; Iroquois/Lenape/Hodenosaunee; "people of the long house"; Mohawks/Oneidas/Onondagas/Cayugas/Senecas; New York; farming/hunting/fishing/seasonal movement; roles of women and men; Iroquois League.
First Americans: The Pacific Northwest (3:21)
Video Description:This video describes the Native American societies that developed in the Pacific Northwest before European contact and explores the roles of salmon fishing, artwork, and clans in their culture.
Content Elements:Native Americans/American Indians; Pacific Northwest/ Washington/Oregon; creation story; Chinook/Tillamook/Walla Walla/Cayuse; Columbia River/Cascade Mountains; salmon fishing/artwork/totem poles/clans.
First Americans: The Pueblo People (3:27)
Video Description: Native Americans living in the Southwest before European contact, known as "Anasazi," were farming people. Their complex society and mastery of village life, epitomized by Pueblo Bonito, are examined in this video.
Content Elements: Native Americans/ American Indians; Southwest/Santa Fe; Navaho/Pueblo/ Apache; Anasazi; moieties; Pueblo Bonito/Chaco Canyon; village life/community; descendants.
First Americans: The Southeast (3:03)
Video Description: The varying landscapes in the Southeast meant that the Native American tribes who lived there were very diverse. The unique lifestyles and the overall political complexity of the region are examined in this video.
Content Elements: Native Americans/American Indians; Southeast/Appalachian Mountains; Charleston, S. C.; creation story; Cherokee/Catawba; farming/politics; environmental adaptations/fluidity of groups.
New Spain (6:59)
Video Description: This video examines Spanish colonization in the New World.
Content Elements: New Spain; slave labor; Material wealth; Catholicism; Franciscans/ Spanish missionaries; St. Augustine; Juan de Onate; Spanish settlement in New Mexico; Pueblo Indians; Acoma; Santa Fe; Indian and European traditions/adaptive culture/hybrid culture.
Spain’s Missionaries (1:48)
Video Description: This video analyzes the effect of Spanish missionaries in the New World.
Content Elements: Catholicism; Spanish missionaries; Franciscans; Adaptive Culture.
The Columbian Exchange (4:22)
Video Description: This video describes how the European settlement in the New World began a process of biological, human, cultural, and material exchange (known as the Columbian Exchange), which has been an important marker in the history of the world.
Content Elements: Portuguese navigation; Christopher Columbus; Enterprise of the Indies/San Salvador; Columbian Exchange; New World; European diseases; food crops; 1492.
The Conquest of the Americas (10:50)
Video Description: This video analyzes the Spanish conquest of vast regions of the Americas and the Indian peoples living there.
Content Elements: Columbus' voyage; European exploration; Treaty of Tordesillas; Spanish motivation of Glory, God and Gold; Spanish conquistadors Hernan Cortes; Aztec Empire; Tenochtitlan; European technology and disease; Pizarro's conquest/Incan Empire; Hernando de Soto; Coronado; Cabeza de Vaca; Pima Indians; Spanish plunder.


Henry Hudson

Chapter 2—Conflicting Visions: England’s Seventeenth-Century Colonies

A Dividing Line (3:57)
Video Description:This video provides a summary analysis of the development of the southern colonies in the 17th century.
Content Elements: Diversity; African Slaves; political and military dominance; cultural dominance; American Indians; Carolina/ Chesapeake Region; race; Bacon's Rebellion; White indentured servants;, wealth and power; private property, land and slave ownership.

A New Beginning (1:05)
Video Description: The mythological status of the Pilgrim story s the focus of this brief video.
Content Elements: Pilgrims Puritans; Plymouth colony.

A Poor Man’s Country (1:12)
Video Description: This video provides a brief introduction to the geography and people migrating to the Middle Colonies of America.
Content Elements: Middle American Colonies; New York/New Jersey/Pennsylvania/Delaware; Fertile valleys/flourishing towns; Social/ethnic diversity; "Bread basket of North America"/ "Best poor man's country in the world."

Ann Hutchinson (3:24)
Video Description: This video focuses on Ann Hutchinson and the challenge she presented to Puritan leaders.
Content Elements: Puritans; Puritan women; Ann Hutchinson; John Winthrop; "American Jezebel."

Encountering the Wilderness (6:19)
Video Description: The complex relationship that developed between New England colonists and Indian peoples is examined in this video.
Content Elements: Wilderness; American Indians; captivity stories; Metacomet / King Philip; King Philip's War.

I am not as you are... (3:03)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the formation of an "American" identity in the middle colonies during the 18th century.
Content Elements: Relations between diverse colonists and Indians; growing identities/differences; ethnic, religious and economic diversity; "American " identity.

Jamestown (6:21)
Video Description:This video analyzes the establishment of the Jamestown settlement, the hardships that came along with it, the cultivation of tobacco, and the relations with the Indians in the area.
Content Elements: King James I; Chesapeake Bay; James River; Virginia Company; Jamestown colonists; "starving time"; land ownership; John Smith; Powhatan; John Rolfe/Pocahontas; tobacco; Opechancanough.

New Amsterdam (3:53)
Video Description: This video describes the development of New Amsterdam and its transition from a Dutch settlement in North America to an English colony.
Content Elements: Dutch; Spain, Dutch war of independence; New Amsterdam; Peter Stuyvesant; Slavery/slave trade; Commerce; English takeover.

New England (1:57)
Video Description: This video provides an introduction to the area that became New England by focusing on the interaction between Europeans and Indians in the region prior to the arrival of the Pilgrims.
Content Elements: 17th century; north Atlantic coastal region; Algonquian/Pequots/Wampanoags/ Narragansetts/Patuxet; agriculture; New England; French/St. Lawrence River; Europeans/European diseases; Pilgrims.

New Jersey (4:46)
Video Description: This video examines the religious, ethnic, and cultural diversity that arose in 17th and 18th century New Jersey and how religious pluralism became widely accepted within the Middle Colonies.
Content Elements: Ethnic and religious diversity; European immigrants; African slaves; Dissenting Protestantism; Dutch/German/Scots-Irish; William Covenhoven; William Tennent; Princeton University; John Woolman; Quakers; Liberation of slaves; Religious tolerance; identity.

New York (8:17)
Video Description: This video analyzes the religious, ethnic, and cultural diversity that existed in 17th and 18th century New York.
Content Elements: Diversity of nationalities/languages; Africans; American Indians; Peter Stuyvesant; Manhattan Island/ The Bouwerie; Commerce/immigration; Jewish immigrants; Jacob Franks; William Bradford/Printing Press/John Peter Zenger/freedom of press; Mando's escape; Slaves/domestic servants; Cadwallader Colden; Steven Delancey/Abigail Franks and Oliver Delancey's marriage; Diverse immigrant communities/religion; assimilation/blending/"American.”

Pilgrims (4:11)
Video Description: This video analyzes the Pilgrims' reasons for leaving the old world, the formation of Plymouth colony, and the interaction Pilgrims had with Native Americans.
Content Elements:Puritans, Plymouth colony, puritan exiles/Pilgrims; William Bradford;, Native Americans; Squanto/Massasoit.

Roanoke: The Lost Colony (4:01)
Video Description: This video describes the first British settlement of Roanoke, an island off the coast of present day North Carolina, and examines the mystery of what happened to those first settlers.
Content Elements: Walter Raleigh; Roanoke, North Carolina; English settlement; John White; Indian villages; Croatoan.

Sugar, Sugar (1:28)
Video Description: This brief video describes the development of sugar plantations in the Caribbean and how the production of sugar shaped the socio-economic climate of the British colonies in the 17th century.
Content Elements: England; Barbados; British colonies in the Caribbean; sugar production; slave-labor; Carolina.

The Caribbean Connection (3:02)
Video Description: This video describes an English sailor named John Cuming, whose family history illustrates the emerging planter class in South Carolina.
Content Elements: John Cuming; Carolina; Affra Harleston; Charles Town, South Carolina; Barbados/Caribbean; slavery; land grants; Cuming's T plantation; Elias Ball.

The Pueblo Revolt (1:05)
Video Description: This video briefly examines the Pueblo revolt of 1680, which occurred in the Santa Fe region just five years after King Philip's War began in New England.
Content Elements: Southwest; Pueblo revolt of 1680; Santa Fe; Spanish colonization.

The Puritan Dilemma (6:57)
Video Description: This video analyzes the inherent struggle between the Puritans' utopian ideals and the realities they encountered in the New World.
Content Elements: Puritans; John Winthrop; Massachusetts Bay Company/New England/Boston; Christianity/utopia/"city on a hill"; Roger Williams; Puritan women; Ann Hutchinson; "American Jezebel."

Chapter 3—Putting Down Roots: Opportunity and Oppression in Colonial Society

Middle Passage (6:42).
Video Description: This video describes slavery in Africa and the horrifying experiences of the Atlantic slave trade.
Content Elements: Olandah Equiano; slavery/slave trade; African slavery; Market demand for slaves; Slave "factories"; Middle Passage; tight packing/mortality rates; "scramble"/auction blocks.

Slave Trade (2:20)
Video Description: This video provides an overview of the early Atlantic Slave Trade and the economics of slavery in the early years of colonial settlement.
Content Elements: Slavery; Slave trade; Forced migration; Slave society; Slavery systems.

The Stono Rebellion (2:18)
Video Description: This brief video examines he causes and consequences of the Stono Rebellion in 1739.
Content Elements: Spanish sanctuary for slaves; Stono Rebellion; Charleston, South Carolina; African American culture/African traditions/Angola; reprisals.

The Changing Chesapeake (6:33)
Video Description: This video examines how labor system of the Chesapeake Region changed from one based on white indentured servitude to one based on black slavery.
Content Elements: Indentured servitude; Africans; Virginia; sources of labor; Anthony Johnson; tobacco farming; Maryland; frontier farmers; Nathanial Bacon/ Bacon's Rebellion; class/race system; slavery.

Witch Hunt (5:18)
Video Description: This video analyzes the witch-hunt that occurred in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692.
Content Elements: 1692; Salem, Massachusetts; witches/witchcraft; Rebecca Nurse; Puritan community/conformity; Salem witch hunt; Arthur Miller/ "The Crucible"/ Red Scare, McCarthyism.

Chapter 4—Experience of Empire: Eighteenth-Century America

Pennsylvania (6:37)
Video Description: This video analyzes the economic and cultural diversity that developed in 17th and 18th century Pennsylvania.
Content Elements: William Penn's vision; material culture; Benjamin Franklin; Philadelphia; working women/Mary Smith; Conrad Weiser; Relations with Indians/"Go-betweens"; Shikellamy; Intercultural affairs; "American" identity.


Chapter 5—The American Revolution: From Gentry Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763–1783

Opening Moves (3:48) .
Video Description: The French and Indian War, fought and won by the British, changed the political dynamics in British North America. This video examines British policies and colonial reactions between 1754 and 1763.
Content Elements: French and Indian; American Indians; Virginia Militia; Albany Congress/Albany Plan of Union; Benjamin Franklin; Treaty of Paris, 1763; Proclamation Line, Taxes/Right of taxation; Presence of British troops.

The Proclamation Line (1:46)
Video Description: After the French and Indian War, the British proclaimed an arbitrarily drawn line designed to prevent or slow down any westward expansion and to reduce Indian conflict against the Colonists. This video examines the consequences of this decision by the British.
Content Elements: French and Indian War; Treaty of Paris, 1763; American Indians; Taxes/Right of taxation; Presence of British troops.

 A Revolutionary Society (3:26)
Video Description: This video provides an introduction to the American Revolution by placing it in the context of revolutions in general, and by explaining why America was ripe for a revolution.
Content Elements: Meanings of revolution; Motives for revolution; political, economic, social transformation of colonial America; English tradition of rights; a revolutionary society.

 A World Turned Upside Down (2:43)
Video Description: This video analyzes the effects of the American Revolution on loyalists, patriots, women, African Americans, American Indians, and the world at large.
Content Elements: American Revolution; loyalists; patriots; women; equality/liberty/slavery/abolition; American Indians; world transformed.

Declaring Equality (8:10)
Video Description:This video focuses on the drafting of the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson and on the philosophical and political foundations of equality in that document.
Content Elements: Thomas Jefferson; Declaration of Independence; "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"; Continental Congress; John Adams; Benjamin Franklin; Enlightenment; political philosophy; "all men are created equal"; consent of the people; meanings of equality and liberty; slavery/slave trade; living up to principles.

Endgame (3:02)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the developing colonial unity in opposition to British policies between 1754 and 1774, and examines the question of inevitability of the American revolution.
Content Elements: The Albany Congress; the First Continental Congress, Liberty/British Control; National consciousness; Political unity.

Justifying Revolution (5:36)
Video Description:The purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to justify a revolution against King George III. The grievances against the King, cited in the Declaration, are examined in this video. In addition, the video analyzes the importance of Common Sense in the revolutionary movement to break ties with the King.
Content Elements: Declaration of Independence; Second Continental Congress; Philadelphia; Thomas Jefferson; King George III; grievances against the King; Lexington/ Concord, Massachusetts; American militiamen; Paul Revere; American Revolution; British Parliament; Common Sense; Thomas Paine.

Lexington & Concord (1:37)
Video Description: The battles at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts in 1775 were, essentially, the first battles of the American Revolution. This video analyzes the causes and consequences of these battles
Content Elements: Lexington & Concord, Massachusetts; American militiamen; Paul Revere.

Monmouth and the Molly Pitchers (4:16)
Video Description: This video examines the battle at Monmouth, New Jersey, in June, 1778, and the impact women had in both this battle and the war as a whole.
Content Elements: Monmouth, NJ; George Washington; General Charles Lee; "Molly Pitcher"; Molly Ludwig Hayes; roles of women in the American Revolution; Continental Army; British stragegy.

Queens Corner (6:10)
Video Description: This video examines how protests, boycotts, and the Boston Tea Party brought out both a significant shift in British policy and a significant movement toward colonial unity.
Content Elements: Boycotts of English products; Role of women; Tax on Tea/ The Tea Act; Boston Tea Party; Sons of Liberty; Samuel Adams; Boston Harbor; The Coercive Acts; First Continental Congress; Committees of correspondence; Continental Association; John Adams/George Washington/ Patrick Henry/Joseph Galloway.

The American Creed (2:47)
Video Description: This video briefly examines the origins of the Declaration of Independence, its "magic words", and the profound effects that the document would have on the history of the modern world.
Content Elements: Declaration of Independence; King George III; Second Continental Congress; Thomas Jefferson; meaning/uses of the Declaration.

The Blunder (3:45)
Video Description: In the context of the American revolutionary movement, this video analyzes the causes and consequences of the Boston Massacre.
Content Elements: British troops; Standing armies; Tensions in Boston; Boston Massacre; Propaganda; Samuel Adams/Paul Revere; Liberty/power.

The First Continental Congress (1:55)
Video Description: This video briefly examines the convening and importance of the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774.
Content Elements: Coercive Acts, First Continental Congress; Joseph Galloway; Sam Adams; Committees of Correspondence; Continental Association; John Adams/George Washington/Patrick Henry; British control/Independence.

The Gambit (3:38)
Video Description: This video analyzes the short- and long-term significance of James Otis' arguments against the British Writs of Assistance.                                                                                                                                                            Content Elements: Writs of Assistance; James Otis; John Adams; Natural Rights; "Higher law"; Limited government; Declaration of Independence; The 4th Amendment.

The Long Winter (5:07)
Video Description: This video analyzes the effects of the winter the American troops spent at Valley Forge in 1777-1778.
Content Elements: Revolutionary War; Valley Forge; hardships; Pennsylvania; George Washington; comradeship; Baron von Steuben; manual of arms/drills; Monmouth, NJ.

The Middle Game (3:58)
Video Description: To help pay for the expense of its empire in America, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act. This video explains the American reaction to this British move.
Content Elements: Stamp Act; Protests; Sons of Liberty; liberty/slavery; Stamp Act Congress; Taxation without representation; the Declaratory Act.

The Unanimous Declaration (3:41)
Video Description: After Thomas Jefferson's original draft was scrutinized, debated, and revised, the Declaration of Independence was approved by Congress. This video analyzes this process and the end result.
Content Elements: Declaration of Independence; Thomas Jefferson; Benjamin Franklin; "self-evident "truths"; Continental Congress; July 4, 1776; "The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America"; treason.

The War Takes a Turn (4:16)
Video Description: This video examines the importance of the American victory at Trenton in December, 1776, and the opportunities and choices the war presented to African Americans.
Content Elements: George Washington; New York; Revolutionary War; Continental Army; Manhattan; New Jersey; Delaware River; General Howe; British forces; German forces/Trenton; Prince Whipple; African Americans; freedom; slaves/free blacks; Lord Dunmore's Proclamation; black soldiers.

Tories (4:32)
Video Description: After their defeat at Monmouth, the British shifted the war to the South. This video analyzes the new British strategy, its dependence on American loyalist support, and the reasons why the British ultimately lost the war and the Americans won.
Content Elements: "Beat Americans with Americans"; Charleston, SC; Revolutionary War; loyalists; the "disaffected"; militia/guerilla war; General Nathan Greene/"The Crab"; General Cornwallis; Yorktown, Virginia; French navy; Yorktown surrender; destiny; geography; British military leadership; hubris; world war; George Washington; French aid; American ideology.

Wartime Allies (3:14)
Video Description: Focusing on the battle at Oriskany, New York, and its consequences, this video examines the importance of wartime allies for both the British and the Americans.
Content Elements: Revolutionary War; August 6, 1777; Battle of Oriskany; Fort Stanwix; Rebel militia; American Indians; Loyalists/Tory allies/Senecas; Oneida Indians; New York; Major General John Burgoyne; Lake George/Lake Champlain; Oswego/ Mohawk Valley; Saratoga, NY; French Alliance.

Chapter 6—The Republican Experiment

A More Perfect Union (7:20) .
Video Description: Using the Preamble of the Constitution as a guide, this video analyzes the state of the nation being governed under the Articles of Confederation.
Content Elements: Preamble of the Constitution; Articles of Confederation; Congress/state sovereignty; Domestic tranquility; Daniel Shays/Shays' Rebellion; James Madison; Indians/Britain/Spain; Economic depression/trade/commerce/currency; Northwest Territory/Northwest Ordinance; slavery; George Washington; Alexander Hamilton.

Behind Closed Doors (6:45)
Video Description: This video examines the political issues addressed by the Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787. The pivotal role played by James Madison during the convention is also analyzed.
Content Elements: 1787; Constitutional Convention; Philadelphia; James Madison; representation; Large/small states; Benjamin Franklin; "The Great Compromise"; Senate/House of Representatives; Sectional issues; Three-Fifths Compromise"; Slavery; National government/executive branch/independent judiciary; Madison's notes.

More Than a Blueprint (3:43)
Video Description: This video analyzes the importance of the Constitution in shaping America.
Content Elements: Constitution; framework/blueprint; divided government political positions/ interpretation; "original meanings"/historical experience; unifying symbol.

Newburgh Conspiracy (3:36)
Video Description: This video examines a threatened mutiny by a group of disgruntled army officers near the end of the Revolutionary War. The conspiracy illustrated the anxiety present in the new nation.
Content Elements: Revolutionary War; Military officers pay; Newburgh, NY; George Washington, Congress; National anxiety.

The Bill of Rights (2:18) .
Video Description: Once the Constitution was implemented, Congress took up the issue of adding a bill of rights. This video examines this debate and the eventual decision to incorporate the Bill of Rights as the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Content Elements: Bill of Rights; James Madison; Constitution;, amendments; Limiting government's authority.

The Race to Ratify (4:00)
Video Description: This video analyzes the passionate debate that surrounded the ratification of the Constitution in 1787 and 1788. The importance of the Federalist Papers is also examined.
Content Elements: Ratification of the Constitution; Anti-federalists; Bill of Rights; Virginia/New York; Federalist Papers; Alexander Hamilton/James Madison/ Benjamin Franklin.

Chapter 7—Democracy in Distress: The Violence of Party Politics, 1788–1800

A New Era in a New Country (2:29)
Video Description: This video provides a brief examination of the challenges facing the nation in 1789 and the competing visions of the future of America.
Content Elements: George Washington; George Washington's inauguration; New York City; Alexander Hamilton; Thomas Jefferson; Challenges facing America; Visions for America.

Hamilton’s Republic (5:46)
Video Description: Focusing on Alexander Hamilton's plan to address the financial problems facing the nation in 1789, this video analyzes Hamilton's proposals and the opposition to them.
Content Elements: National Debt; Alexander Hamilton; Assumption of state debts; funding the debts; taxes; Bank of the United States; Thomas Jefferson; James Madison; George Washington; "Strict construction"/loose construction"/implied powers; Poliltical opposition.

The Quasi-War (6:36)
Video Description: In the 1790s, the United States tried to remain neutral as war raged between Great Britain and France. However, the United States soon found itself in an undeclared war with France. This video analyzes the causes and consequences, of this quasi-war.
Content Elements: George Washington; Washington's Farewell Address; war between Great Britain and France; U.S. treaty with France; U.S. neutrality policy; John Jay/ Jay's Treaty; John Adams; France's seizure of U.S. ships; XYZ Affair; "Quasi War"; Alien & Sedition Acts; High Federalists; Freedom of the press/Republican press; Republican Party; Thomas Jefferson; James Madison; Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions; Nullification; Secession/state rights; Treaty of Mortefontaine (Convention of 1800); Election of 1800; Precedent/isolationism.

The State of the Nation (9:45)
Video Description: This video provides a historical tour and perspective of key areas of the United States and areas that will become part of the nation as they looked in 1789-1790.
Content Elements: New York City; the first Capital; Urban issues and opportunities; Slavery/slave trade; Charleston; Black and white artisans; Plantations/small farmers; Indian territories/Indian relations; Spain; St. Louis; Santa Fe; San Francisco; the Pacific Northwest.

The Treaty of Greenville (5:28)
Video Description: In the 1790s, the Ohio Territory became a major source of conflict between American Indians and military forces of the United States. This video analyzes the battles in that region and the effects of the Treaty of Greenville.
Content Elements: George Washington; encroaching settlers/Indian Territory; American Indians; Ohio/Ohio River; Shawnees/Miamis/Delawares/Wyandots; General Arthur St. Clair; Little Turtle; General Anthony Wayne; Maumee; Battle of Fallen Timbers; Treaty of Greenville (1795); boundaries; American Indians and alcohol; treaty breakdowns; Precedents; Indian rights/treaty rights.

The Vision that Prevailed (2:15)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the political and economic stability brought to the new nation by George Washington's leadership and Alexander Hamilton's financial plan.
Content Elements: George Washington; Alexander Hamilton; Establishment of economic credibility;
Hamilton's vision of America.

The Whiskey Rebellion (2:11)
Video Description: This video examines the issues surrounding the resistance to the collection of a federal excise tax in 1794.
Content Elements: Tariffs; Excise taxes/Whiskey Tax; Grain Farmers/ Whiskey Rebellion; Powers of the national government; Law and order; Alexander Hamilton; George Washington; Understanding the American Revolution.

Washington’s Legacy (5:31)
Video Description: This video analyzes the leadership of George Washington and his place in American history.
Content Elements: Legacy; George Washington-man and myth; Qualities of leadership; Hamilton/Jefferson/Madison; Uses of power/Giving up power.

Chapter 8—Republican Ascendancy: The Jeffersonian Vision

Lewis and Clark Expedition (13:26) .
Video Description: Having secured the Louisiana Territory, Thomas Jefferson proceeded with his plan to send Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on an expedition to explore the West. This video describes that journey, the reasons for its success, and its consequences.
Content Elements: Thomas Jefferson; Romance & Mystery of the West; The Louisiana Purchase; Lewis and Clark; Northwest Passage; Corps of Discovery; Missouri River; Mandan Indians; artifacts/animals of the West; Sacagawea; Shoshone Indians; Rocky Mountains; Snake & Columbia Rivers; the Pacific Ocean; Indian relations; geography; Journals of Lewis & Clark Expedition.

Nation of Land Owners (2:21)
Video Description: Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's mountain-top estate, symbolized his vision for America. This brief video segment examines Jefferson's pursuit of an "Empire of Liberty."
Content Elements: Monticello; Thomas Jefferson; the West; Independence/Virtue/Land Owners/freedom; Romance of the West; American Indians; Empire of Liberty; The Louisiana Purchase; geography.

The Election of 1800 (6:03)
Video Description: By the end of the 18th century, two distinct political parties had emerged within the United States: the Federalists and the Republicans. This video examines the hotly contested election of 1800 and the peaceful transfer of power that took place in 1801.
Content Elements: George Washington; Political parties; Federalists/Republicans; Thomas Jefferson/Alexander Hamilton/James Madison/John Adams/Charles C. Pinckney/Aaron Burr; political organizing/ party behavior/mobilizing voters; election of 1800; electoral vote tie/Constitution/House of Representatives/12th Amendment; Transfer of power; Precedent.

We Proceeded on... (15:42)
Video Description: This video describes Thomas Jefferson's pursuit of an "Empire of Liberty" in the West, from the Louisiana Purchase through the Lewis & Clark Expedition.

Content Elements: Monticello; Thomas Jefferson; the West; Independence/Virtue/Land Owners/freedom; Romance of the West; American Indians; Empire of Liberty; The Louisiana Purchase; Lewis and Clark; Northwest Passage; Corps of Discovery; Missouri River; Mandan Indians; artifacts/animals of the West; Sacagawea; Shoshone Indians; Rocky Mountains; Snake & Columbia Rivers; the Pacific Ocean; Indian relations; geography; Journals of Lewis & Clark Expedition.

Chapter 9—Nation Building and Nationalism

Moving Westward (6:17)
Video Description: The search for independence led many white Americans to move further and further west in the mid-19th century. This video examines the agricultural boom on the old northwestern frontier and the towns, such as Jacksonville, Illinois, that grew rapidly during this era.
Content Elements: Search for propertied independence; seaboard states/western expansion; northwestern prairies/agriculture/independent family farmers; U.S. Army/ American Indians; road system/federal land policies; old Northwest; Jacksonville, Illinois; "Athens of the West"; social problems in Jacksonville/religious factionalism/slavery; Bob & Emily Logan; abolitionists/Underground Railroad; railroads; continual migration.

Progress in Print (2:04)
Video Description: This video briefly examines the personal, social, and political effects of newspapers and printed works in the early 19th century.
Content Elements: Lowell; newspapers; Lowell Offering; Voice of Industry; factory girls; literacy; opportunities/demands.

Tecumseh (5:25)
Video Description: This video analyzes the Indian leader Tecumseh, who posed a threat to the white man's advance into Indian lands. Tecumseh's alliance with the British in the War of 1812 and the consequences of that war for American Indians are also examined.
Content Elements: Tecumseh and his vision; Indian resentments/Indian resistance; Indian Confederacy/pan-Indian Movement; "War Hawks"; War of 1812; Canada/the British; Indian losses.

Like a Fire Bell in the Night (2:05)
Video Description: This video examines how the issue of slavery disturbed the era of good feelings and threatened the future of the expanding United States.
Content Elements: The Era of Good Feelings; nationalism/sectionalism; Missouri; Slavery/Free States/ Slave States; The Missouri Compromise; Thomas Jefferson.

The Big Ditch (7:16) .
Video Description: The Erie Canal was built to connect the Hudson River to Lake Erie - thus connecting New York to the trade of the Midwest. This video describes the process of building the canal and the way it revolutionized the movement of goods and people.
Content Elements: Rome, New York; Erie Canal; July 4, 1817; Judge John Richardson; Hudson River; Albany/Buffalo; Governor Dewitt Clinton; Great Lakes/Trans-Appalachian trade; New York City; "Clinton's Big Ditch"; engineers/canal laborers; public works project; passenger traffic/movement of goods; east-west trade.

The Market Revolution (2:03)
Video Description: This video provides an overview of the social and technological changes associated with the market revolution occurring in the United States in the early 19th century.
Content Elements: Early 19th century; technological innovation/cotton gin/steamboats/power looms/ telegraph/transportation; relocation of people; "market revolution"; growth of commerce/markets/new occupations.

The Working Women of Lowell (6:33) .
Video Description: Towns built around large textile mills began to appear in the northeastern United States as a result of the cotton boom in the early 19th century. This video focuses on one such town, Lowell, Massachusetts, the female laborers who worked there, and the economic and social changes that resulted.
Content Elements: Cotton boom; large-scale manufacturing/textile mills; northeast/social landscape transformation; carding machine/spinning frame/power loom; female labor force; Francis Cabot Lowell; Merrimack River/Lowell, Massachusetts; wages; boarding houses; Harriet Hanson Robinson; bobbin girl/"drawing-in girl"; women's labor movement; Irish immigrant workers; women's rights movement; women's sphere/public sphere.

Chapter 10—The Triumph of Democracy

A Forced Migration (2:43)
Video Description: This video describes the horrific forced march of Cherokee Indians from their home in Georgia to reservation territory west of the Mississippi River and analyzes the effects of this episode.
Content Elements: Cherokee Indians; Forced migration; The Removal Act of 1830; Andrew Jackson; Ethnic Cleansing/Injustice/Racial Discrimination; Legacy.

Democracy Flourishes (1:58)
Video Description: This video provides the context for a broader discussion of the changing political climate of the 1820s and 1830s.
Content Elements: Economic, social, & political change; Building of Canals & Railroads; Westward expansion/economic opportunity; Grassroots politics.

Federal Bank Showdown (2:03)
Video Description: President Jackson's decision to kill the Bank of the United States was a classic case of liberty vs. power. This video examines the issues at stake in this dispute.
Content Elements: Bank of the United States; Nicholas Biddle; Henry Clay; wealthy "elite"; Liberty vs. Power; Election of 1832.

In the name of majority rule… (2:57)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of President Jackson, Jacksonian democracy, and Indian Removal.
Content Elements: President Jackson's Style; Popular Appeal to the Average Man; Jackson as an Historical Figure; Indian Removal; Ethnic Cleansing/Racial Justice; Majority Rule; Learning from the Past.

The First Generation (3:49)
Video Description: The generation that inherited the American Revolution came of age during the first half of the 19th century. This video describes the possibilities, opportunities, and challenges during this period of American history.
Content Elements: Inheriting the Revolution; Sense of Possibility; Rapid Expansion of a Nation; "Manifest Destiny"; Westward migration; Freedom and Opportunity; slavery; American Indians; Spanish people in West.

The Jackson Presidency (7:24) .
Video Description: This video examines President Jackson's core beliefs and analyzes his actions during the Nullification Crisis and the Bank War.
Content Elements: Andrew Jackson's Core Beliefs; Racism/Slavery; Loyalty; Eaton Affair; John C. Calhoun; Nullification Crisis; States Rights/Limitation of Powers; South Carolina; tariffs/anarchy/treason; Henry Clay; Bank of the U.S.; Nicholas Biddle; Liberty vs. Power; Election of 1832.

The Panic of 1837 (1:45)
Video Description: This video briefly describes the events that led to the first great depression in America.
Content Elements: Andrew Jackson; Financial Panic; Land speculation; Specie Circular; Bank failures; Depression.

The People’s Politician (6:22)
Video Description: This video analyzes Andrew Jackson's rise from a frontiersman to the President of the United States.
Content Elements: "Old Hickory"; Andrew Jackson; appeal to a masculine electorate; Jackson's contradictions; the Hermitage; Election of 1824; Jeffersonian Democracy/Jacksonian Democracy; The Corrupt Bargain; Henry Clay/John Quincy Adams; Election of 1828; political campaigning; political dualism; political culture; Jackson's Inauguration.

Trail of Tears (7:38)
Video Description: Focusing on the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia, this video analyzes President Jackson's controversial decision and its effects.
Content Elements: Cherokee Nation; Assimilation/Civilization program; Cherokee alphabet/ constitution/newspaper; Removal Act of 1830; Relocation; Choctaw/Creek/Chickasaw/Seminole; Chief John Ross; Worcester vs. Georgia; Sovereign Rights; Trail of Tears; Legacy.

Chapter 11—Slaves and Masters

A Distinctive Society (3:59) .
Video Description: This video analyzes the influence of the institution of Slavery on race and class in The South.
Content Elements: Race and Class; Institution of Slavery; Class systems; planter aristocracy; Racial society/Racial assumptions; Southern distinctions.

African American Culture (5:51)
Video Description: This video analyzes the development of African American culture and the reciprocal effects of that development. A brief examination of the Stono Rebellion is included.
Content Elements: African American culture; African traditions; Cultural influence on British colonists; Stono Rebellion.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion (4:33)
Video Description: In 1831, a Virginia slave named Nat Turner led a slave rebellion that would last for two days. The effects of this rebellion would last much longer; however. This video describes the rebellion and its consequences.
Content Elements: Slave rebellion; Nat Turner; Southhampton County, Virginia; harsher slave laws (worship, literacy); the South; Turner as hero/terrorist.

Quilts and the Underground Railroad (1:45)
Video Description: This video describes the hidden visual codes found in slave quilts and the possibility that these messages helped slaves escape to freedom in the North.
Content Elements: Africa; slave quilts; Ozella Nathaniel Williams; visual codes (wagon wheel, bear's paw, tumbling blocks); escaping slavery.

Runaways and Rebellion (8:42)
Video Description: This video examines both runaway slaves and those who chose to rebel. In particular, the slave rebellion led by Virginia slave Nat Turner in 1831 is analyzed.
Content Elements: Slavery/runaway slaves; slave patrols/slave catchers/white vigilantes; punishment/whippings; slave rebellion; Nat Turner; Southhampton County, Virginia; harsher slave laws (worship, literacy); the South; corruption/denial; self-worth of slaves.

Shaped by Slavery (4:18)
Video Description: Slavery defined the Southern way of life in the first half of the 19th century. This video examines the expansion of slavery and the political, economic, social, and philosophical arguments used to defend the institution.
Content Elements: Slavery; the South; planters' power/plantations; the North; economic impact of slavery/exportation of cotton; slaveholders; racism; poor white southerners; Southern social structure; the "positive good" argument; Christianity; Southern reaction to abolitionists.

Slavery Among Africans (1:06)
Video Description: This brief video provides a description of slavery as practiced among West Africans before the slave trade with Europeans.
Content Elements: African slavery; West Africa; Tribal Warfare/POWs/poverty.

The Slave World (8:30)
Video Description: The lives of slaves varied greatly depending on upon the kind of work they did and the circumstances in which they lived. This video analyzes the diverse lives of slaves and the unique culture they created within the confines of their world.
Content Elements: Slavery; various slave occupations (small farm laborers, urban household servants, factory workers, riverboat men, carpenters, blacksmiths, prostitutes); plantations; roles of men, women, and children slaves on plantations; slave/owner negotiation; slaves and the land; slave culture (religion, folktales, music, dance); slave resistance/defiance; violence/whippings; slave families; slaves as property/slaves as humans.

The Stono Rebellion (2:18)
Video Description: This brief video examines he causes and consequences of the Stono Rebellion in 1739.
Content Elements: Spanish sanctuary for slaves; Stono Rebellion; Charleston, South Carolina; African American culture/African traditions/Angola; reprisals.

Chapter 12—The Pursuit of Perfection

An Affront in the Eyes of God (6:43)
Video Description: The call for immediate emancipation of slaves was a radical idea that spread rapidly in the North from the 1830s through the 1850s. This video analyzes how and why this happened and why it was important.
Content Elements: William Lloyd Garrison; The Liberator; American Anti-Slavery Society; Immediate Emancipation; African American Equality; Slavery as sin; advocacy journalism; The doctrine of Abolition; Frederick Douglass; The North Star; Women Abolitionists; Grimke sisters; Sojourner Truth; Abby Kelly Foster; Public Discussion of Slavery.

I am the Revelation (3:33)
Video Description: This video discusses how and why women became important in reform movements during the early and mid-19th century.
Content Elements: The Millennium/Perfectionism; Social Reform; Women's Esteem; Women's Education; Catherine Beecher/Hartford Seminary; Dorothea Dix/Hospitals for the Insane; the temperance movement.

Paradise on Earth (7:22) .
Video Description: In the early 19th century, the search for religious perfectionism swept the country. This video examines the lives of the Shakers and the Mormons to illustrate the religious ferment of the era.
Content Elements: Religion; Second Great Awakening; Religious revivalism/renewal; the Millennium; perfectionism; religious communes; Shakers; Ann Lee; Celibacy; gender equity; Mormons; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints; Joseph Smith; Book of Mormon; Nauvoo, Illinois; Polygamy; Brigham Young; Utah/Salt Lake City.

The Shakers (2:40)
Video Description: This video describes the origins, the practices, and eventual demise of the Shaker religious commune.
Content Elements: Religious Communes; Religious renewal/the Millennium; Shakers; Ann Lee; Celibacy; gender equity.

Chapter 13—An Age of Expansionism

Chinese Immigrants and the Transcontinental Railroad (1:44)
Video Description: When Chinese immigrants arrived in San Francisco during the mid-19th century, many headed to the High Sierra in search of Gold Mountain. Here they encountered a transcontinental railroad that was under construction. This video looks at the monumental impact Chinese immigrants had on completing the railroad and, thus, helping create the economic infrastructure that tied the west to the east.
Content Elements: Immigrants/immigration; gold; California; Chinese immigrants/Chinese- Americans; transcontinental railroad, Central Pacific Railroad.

Gold Mountain (7:51)
Video Description: The discovery of gold in California in the late 19th century helped spur a mass migration of Chinese peasants to the western coastal region of America. Thousands of these immigrants would make history working on the transcontinental railroad and in the mines. This video explores the journey and work of these Chinese immigrants along with the hardships they endured due to the Chinese Exclusion Act. A story of a Chinese-American family personalizes this experience.
Content Elements: Immigrants/immigration; California; Chinese immigrants; Chinese-Americans and their identity; gold rush/Gold Mountain; High Sierra, transcontinental railroad; nativist movement; Chinese Exclusion Act; San Francisco and its Chinatown.

Manifest Destiny (1:42) .
Video Description: The concept that America was destined by providence to expand its territory across the continent is known as "Manifest Destiny."  The influence of this idea and its consequences are briefly described in this video.
Content Elements: "Manifest Destiny"; providence/mission; racism/ethnocentrism/imperialism;
John L. O'Sullivan.

Oregon Fever (3:43)
Video DescriptionAs the western movement of American settlers increased in the 1840s, the northwest territory of Oregon came into dispute.  This video examines the root causes and ultimate resolution of that dispute.
Content ElementsJames K. Polk; Election of 1844; "54° 40' or Fight"; moving west/Oregon Trail; Great Britain; influence of California and Texas on situation.

Oregon Territory to San Francisco (5:21)
Video Description: By 1850, The Oregon Territory had abundant resources and drew many settlers, but it did not have easy routes to move goods back east.  Oregon developed slowly, but with the discovery of gold, San Francisco and California grew quickly.  This video examines developments on the West Coast and links them to the nation at large.
Content Elements: National Geography; Oregon/The Oregon Trail; Settlers/Indians/Treaties broken/ Indian Reservations; missionaries; slaves/free blacks; resources; San Francisco/ California; Pacific Ocean/Gateway to the Far East; the Gold Rush/population growth; violence; mining camps/diversity; statehood issue; free state; slavery.

Provoking War (2:53)
Video DescriptionThe U.S. - Mexican War began in 1846 after provocations on the Texas border.    This video examines both sides of the debate about who started the war and why.
Content Elements: U.S. - Mexican War; disputed territory; Rio Grande/Nueces Rivers; President James K. Polk; General Arista.

The Mormons (3:14)
Video Description: Amidst the religious ferment of the early 1800s, many new religions were formed. This video examines the Mormons and their attempts to practice their beliefs.
Content Elements: Religion;  Religious renewal/the Millennium; Mormons; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints; Joseph Smith; Book of Mormon; Nauvoo, Illinois; Polygamy; Brigham Young; Utah/Salt Lake City.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (4:56) .
Video Description: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, ended the U.S. - Mexican War.  This treaty, however, would do far more than just end the war.  This video analyzes the immediate and long-term consequences of the Treaty and the War.
Content Elements: U.S. - Mexican War; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; Mexican Cession; Article 9/ Mexican-Americans' citizenship; land rights; effect on American Indians; long-term consequences.

The U.S. - Mexican War (11:15)
Video Description: This video analyzes the beginning of the U.S.-Mexican War, the reasons for U.S. victory, and the consequences of the war.
Content Elements: U.S.-Mexican War; Disputed territory; Texas; Rio Grande/Nueces Rivers; President James K. Polk; General Arista; support and opposition to the war in the U.S.; military strategy and operations; reasons for U.S. victory; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; Mexican Cession; Article 9/Mexican-American citizenship; land rights; effect on American Indians; long-term consequences.

The United States in 1850 (15:18)
Video Description: This video uses six regional locations to examine the state of the nation in 1850.
Content Elements: U.S. Geography in 1850; regional/sectional issues; slavery in the territories; Upstate New York/New York City; Charleston, SC; St Louis; Santa Fe; Oregon Territory; San Francisco/California.

We Must Have Texas (4:58)
Video DescriptionThis video examines the tensions between the Mexican government and Anglo settlers in Texas, the subsequent battle for Texas' independence, and the 8-year debate over whether the resulting Republic should be annexed by the United States.
Content Elements: Texas; Mexico; Mexican policies in Texas; land grants; debates over slavery; Stephen F. Austin; Sam Houston; Texas Revolt/Texas' Independence; debates over annexation; President John Tyler; President James K. Polk.

Chapter 14—The Sectional Crisis

A Divided Nation (3:46)
Video Description: As America evolved in the first half of the 19th century, two different identities, the North and the South, emerged. The South was known for its slower agrarian way of life dependent on slavery, while the North was known for its rapidly changing commerce and free-labor ideology. This video sets the stage for the looming civil war and examines why that war lives on in American memory.
Content Elements: Regional Differences;The North/The South; Agriculture/Intensification of Commerce; Free labor/Slave labor; Civil War in American Memory.

A Free Labor Economy (2:28)
Video Description: This video analyzes the free labor ideology that developed in the North by the mid-19th century and how the free labor economy distinguished the North from the South.
Content Elements: Northwestern frontier; mid-19th century; linking economic & political freedom; free labor ideology; the North (small farmers/small enterprises/independence); the South (large plantation owners/slavery).

A Higher Law (6:26)
Video Description:As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Law created a mechanism for recapturing fugitive slaves across the country.  This video describes the open resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law from individuals, organizations, and state governments in the North.
Content Elements: Compromise of 1850; Fugitive Slave Law; slavery; federal commissioners/abolitionists/slave catchers; Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society; states' rights; Theodore Parker; William Lloyd Garrison; Constitution; "higher law"; Boston/Anthony Burns; President Pierce/federal troops.

A New Party (1:59)
Video Description: This video examines the shifting political realignment of the1850s, highlighted by the emergence of a new sectional party, the Republicans.
Content Elements: Political realignment; Whigs/Democrats; sectionalism; Kansas-Nebraska Act; third party movement; Republican Party; slavery/anti-slavery; Stephen Douglas.

Bleeding Kansas (8:11) .
Video Description: As western expansion continued, so too did the issue of slavery in new territories.   This video analyzes the causes and consequences of Stephen Douglas' Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Content Elements: Westward expansion; Kansas-Nebraska Act; Stephen Douglas ("The Little Giant"); homesteaders; Indian land/Reservations; popular sovereignty; Lawrence, KS; John Brown; "Bleeding Kansas"; Charles Sumner/Preston Brooks; Free Soilers/border ruffians; LeCompton Constitution.

Dred Scott (5:53)
Video Description: This video analyzes the background, the Supreme Court's decision, and the immediate effects of the Dred Scott case.
Content Elements: Supreme Court; Dred Scott; John Emerson; Ft. Armstrong; Ft. Snelling; Missouri Compromise; St. Louis; John Sandford; Dred Scott v. Sandford; Chief Justice Roger Taney; 5th Amendment; slaves as property; pro-slavery verdict; Constitution as pro slavery; Republican Party.

New Mexico Territory in the 1850s (3:08)
Video Description: The addition of the New Mexico territory to the U.S. in 1848 created many opportunities, but with it came many problematic issues regarding land rights and cultural clashes among Indians, Mexican Americans and Anglos.  This video examines life in Santa Fe at mid-century.
Content Elements: U.S. Geography; Santa Fe Trail; Santa Fe; social scene/La Tules Barcelo; Land rights; border issues; Pueblo Indians/Navaho; Apache; Statehood; Slavery.

North and South—Two Ways of Life (1:40)
Video Description: During the first half of the 19th century, the economies of both the North and the South were moving in very different directions.  This video briefly contrasts the North's diversifying economy with the South's increasing dependence on cotton and slavery.
Content Elements: Cotton/cotton gin; slavery; westward expansion; northern diversity/southern reliance on cotton and slaves.

Revolutions Never Go Backward (1:58)
Video Description: This video provides as summary analysis of the consequences of Fugitive Slave Law, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision.  With the nation divided over the issue of slavery, the stage was set for the election of Abraham Lincoln and, ultimately, the Civil War.
Content Elements: Pro/anti slavery forces; northerners/southerners; Dred Scott decision; Republican Party; Abraham Lincoln.

The Compromise of 1850 (5:42)
Video Description: When California applied for admission to the United States as a state, the issue touched off a much broader debate in the U.S. Senate.  This video analyzes those issues and the attempt to reach a compromise on them.
Content Elements: 1850; California/Statehood; Balance of Power; The Wilmot Proviso; slave states/free states; Henry Clay; Daniel Webster; John C. Calhoun; The Great Debate; Stephen Douglas; The Compromise of 1850.

The Stage For War (2:36)
Video Description: This video provides perspectives on the inevitability of the Civil War.
Content ElementsCivil War as inevitable?; Irrepressible Conflict; free-labor/slave-labor societies; "House Divided"; Union/Secession.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1:46)
Video Description: Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel dealing with slavery in America written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, became a literary phenomenon in the 1850s.  This video briefly examines the immense impact this work had in spreading the abolitionist cause.
Content Elements: Fugitive Slave Law; slavery; Harriet Beecher Stowe; Uncle Tom's Cabin; abolition; public perception.

Webster’s Compromise (1:14)
Video Description: This brief video uses Daniel Webster's personal decision to support the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 to introduce the national struggle in the 1850s to confront the issue of slavery.
Content Elements: Daniel Webster; slavery; Compromise of 1850; Fugitive Slave Law; abolitionists.

Chapter 15—Secession and the Civil War

A Momentous Issue (1:04) .
Video Description: In 1861, America stood on the brink of civil war.  This video focuses on the words of Abraham Lincoln in his inaugural address as he spoke to an anxious, divided nation.
Content Elements: Abraham Lincoln; Inaugural Address; 1861; Civil War.

Bull Run to Fredericksburg (9:04)
Video Description: This video examines some of the first major battles which took place during the first two years of the Civil War.  The battles at Bull Run, Shiloh, Antietam and Fredericksburg showed people in both the North and the South that the war would be far costlier and longer than they first expected.
Content Elements: Civil War; Abraham Lincoln; General Irwin McDowell; Army of the Potomac; Washington, D.C.; Manassas/Bull Run; General P.G.T. Beauregard; "Stonewall" Jackson; civilian onlookers; General George McClellan; Western Theater of War; General Ulysses S. Grant; Fort Henry/Fort Donelson; Tennessee; Pittsburg Landing; General Albert Sidney Johnston; Shiloh; Hornet's Nest; Don Carlos Buell; Corinth, Mississippi; General Robert E. Lee; Antietam; General Ambrose Burnside; Fredericksburg; Marye's Heights; casualties of war.

Civil War: The Tide Turns (1:11)
Video Description: This video provides a brief synopsis of the state of the Civil War in the spring of 1863 and suggests that the tide would soon turn in favor of the North.
Content Elements: Civil War; Chancellorsville, Virginia; General Joseph Hooker; General Robert E. Lee; Mississippi River; Vicksburg; anti-war sentiment.

Election and Secession (8:39)
Video Description: This video analyzes the presidential election of 1860 and its results, including the secession of seven southern states.
Content Elements: Election of 1860; Democratic Party split; Stephen Douglas; John C Breckenridge; Republican Party Convention; Abraham Lincoln; William Seward; John Bell/Constitutional Union Party; Election results; Secession; Sam Houston; Confederate States of America; Alexander Stevens; Jefferson Davis; Lincoln's Inauguration; Lincoln's views on secession; Lincoln's Inaugural Address.

Emancipation (8:12)
Video DescriptionThis video analyzes two of the most important decisions made by President Lincoln during the Civil War: issuing the Emancipation Proclamation and using black troops.
Content ElementsUsing runaway slaves; Abraham Lincoln; Emancipation Proclamation - its limits and importance; Military Service of Blacks; 54th Massachusetts/free blacks; Fort Wagner; Robert Gould Shaw; Southern Reactions; discrimination toward black troops in Union Army.

Fort Sumter (5:51)
Video Description: Fort Sumter, located in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, was the most prominent federal installation still in the hands of the federal government in the seceding states in March 1861.  This video examines the importance of Fort Sumter to both sides and the reasons the bombardment of this garrison inaugurated the Civil War.
Content Elements: Abraham Lincoln; secession; Fort Sumter; Charleston, South Carolina; Major Robert Anderson; Lincoln's options; Confederacy; Jefferson Davis; Union surrender of Fort Sumter.

Gettysburg Address (3:18)
Video Description: The battlefield at Gettysburg was dedicated as a war memorial on November 19, 1863.  This video analyzes President Lincoln's short speech given there in which he put forth the idea of giving the nation "a new birth of freedom."
Content Elements: Gettysburg; Edward Everett; Abraham Lincoln; Gettysburg Address; Declaration of Independence; "new birth of freedom."

Mr. Lincoln (9:11)
Video Description: This video traces Abraham Lincoln's early interest in politics, his commitment to freedom for all, and his path to national attention.
Content Elements: Lincoln's background; Lincoln's critics; Springfield, Illinois; free-labor society; Slavery; Kansas Nebraska Act/Republican Party; Stephen Douglas; popular sovereignty;  "House divided" speech; Lincoln-Douglas Debates; Dred Scott decision/Freeport Doctrine; Cooper Union speech; William Seward; national press.

On The Verge (2:12)
Video Description: This video analyzes the status of the Civil War at the end of 1862 and why it appeared the Confederates were on the verge of winning.
Content Elements: Matthew Brady; photos of war dead; Confederacy/Union; western/eastern theaters; General Robert E. Lee; General George McClellan; Virginia/Maryland/Kentucky/Ohio River; demoralized Union/confident Confederates.

The Battle of Gettysburg (4:28)
Video Description: The battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.  This video analyzes the battle and, in particular, the decisions made by General Robert. E. Lee that ultimately led to disaster for the Confederates.
Content Elements: Civil War; Union/Confederacy; General Robert E. Lee; Gettysburg; George Gordon Meade; Army of the Potomac; Culp's Hill/east Cemetery Hill/Cemetery Ridge/Little Round Top; James Longstreet; Major General George Pickett/"Pickett's Charge"; "Chancellorsville Syndrome."

The Center of the Struggle (3:44)
Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of key developments on both the southern and northern home fronts during the Civil War.
Content Elements: Economic & physical destruction in South; Slavery at the center of the struggle in South; African American participation in North.

The End (2:47)
Video Description: On April 9, 1865, General Lee surrendered his army at Appomattox.  This video focuses on the end of the war and the assassination of President Lincoln just five days later.
Content Elements: Civil War; General Robert E. Lee; General Ulysses S. Grant; Union/Confederacy; Lee's surrender at Appomattox; Grant's generous terms of surrender; Abraham Lincoln; Ford's Theater; Washington, D.C.; John Wilkes Booth; assassination of Lincoln; Lincoln's tomb; words from Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.

The War at Home — The North (5:57)
Video Description:Sustaining the war on the home front was critical for victory.  This video analyzes how people and institutions in the North were affected by the war and focuses on Franklin County, Pennsylvania, as a case study.
Content ElementsFederal Income Tax; The Draft; Agricultural and industrial production; power of the Federal Government; Shenandoah Valley; Franklin County, Pennsylvania; women on the home front.

The War at Home — The South (6:46)
Video Description: The South had a very different experience during the Civil War compared to the North. This video examines the southern home front, featuring the experience of Augusta County, Virginia.
Content ElementsUnion Naval Blockade; Agricultural Economy; Hardships/Shortages/Starvation/Refugees; political/economic challenges for the Confederacy; Wartime economy/taxes; draft; Women on the southern home front; Shenandoah Valley; Augusta County, Virginia; slavery breaking down; plunder.

Two Generals (2:49)
Video Description: The two legendary military commanders of the Civil War, General Ulysses S. Grant of the Union and General Robert E. Lee of the Confederacy, are the focus of this video.  Though they were very different men, both were brilliant commanders who shared a willingness to take risks.
Content Elements: Civil War; General Robert E. Lee; General Ulysses S. Grant; West Point; Mexican War; tactics/strategy; risks.

Why They Fought (6:21)
Video Description: As the Civil War began, spirits were high on both sides, and many were optimistic that it would be a short war.  This video analyzes the reasons people signed up to fight and the advantages each side held.
Content Elements: Civil War; Fort Sumter; Abraham Lincoln; volunteers; Confederacy; secession of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas; border states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri; legacy of the American Revolution; reasons for fighting; northern material advantage/southern strategic advantage; civilian population.


Chapter 16—The Agony of Reconstruction

Centennial Celebration (3:20) .
Video Description: The Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia in 1876, celebrating America's 100th birthday, showcased a nation in the midst of rapid and sweeping change.  This video provides a perspective on the celebration and America at that time.
Content Elements: 1876 centennial celebration; Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia; Exhibits on display; telephone/Alexander Graham Bell; Susan B. Anthony/women's rights activists/protest; agrarian to industrial transformation; immigration; railroads.

Creating History (2:38)
Video Description: This video features a diverse array of prominent historians addressing one thing they want students to learn about American history.  Their comments provoke thought as students complete a survey course.
Content Elements: Creating history; process of history; battle over basic ideals; movement toward reconciliation; studying history; American Identity; History matters.

Early Reconstruction (7:13)
Video Description: As ex-slaves tried to exercise freedom as Reconstruction began, they encountered obstacles on almost every front.  This video analyzes these issues and the adjustments being made.
Content Elements: Frederick Douglass; the meanings of Freedom; Family/Responsibility/ Expectations; Freedmen's Bureau; Southern white resistance; Land issues; Loss of capital in the South; Wounded soldiers/Medical relief; Labor Relations; Sharecropping System; Black Codes.

Ku Klux Klan (1:59)
Video DescriptionThe Ku Klux Klan was a terrorist organization whose purpose was to maintain southern white control over blacks through violence and intimidation. This video segment examines the origins and actions of the Klan.
Content ElementsKKK; Violence/Fear/Intimidation/Harassment; Voting rights; Polling places/Voter Control; Black Republicans.

Radical Reconstruction (6:18)
Video DescriptionThis video analyzes Radical Republican attempts to reshape the South and southern resistance to those efforts.
Content Elements: Reconstruction Act of 1867; New State Constitutions; Republican Party/Radical Republicans; Anti-Southern sentiments; States' Rights; Universal Suffrage/Voter Registration; Union Leagues; Education; Political Participation; Prince Rivers; Violence; Ku Klux Klan; Intimidation/Fear; Voter Control; Black Republicans.

The 13th Amendment (1:01)
Video Description: This brief video examines the meaning of the 13th Amendment and its significance in the context of Reconstruction.
Content Elements: Slavery abolished; 13th Amendment; Ratification requirement in South; Southern resistance; "Constitutional Revolution."

The 14th Amendment (1:13)
Video Description: The 14th Amendment is one of the most important additions ever added to the original Constitution.  This brief video examines its key provisions and their significance.
Content ElementsFreedom; 14th Amendment; Citizenship; Equal Protection of the laws; "Constitutional Revolution"; Radical Republicans.

The 15th Amendment (1:13)
Video DescriptionA crucial part of what freedom means is to have the right to vote. This brief video examines the provisions of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution and its limits.
Content ElementsVoting rights; 15th Amendment; Women's Rights; "Constitutional Revolution."

The End of Reconstruction (6:10)
Video Description: Reconstruction in the South ended when conservative white southern Democrats regained political power in the region. This video analyzes how and why that happened and what it meant for southern blacks.
Content Elements: Reconstruction; White resistance; Northern withdrawal; Racism; Election Violations; Republican Party/Democratic Party; "the Redeemers"; Menial Jobs/Poverty/Loss of Freedom; Prince Rivers; Richard Paine; Robert Smalls.