History 102 - Videos

Chapter 17

The United States in 1876 (1:45 - 9:05)

Video Description: Using railroads, steamboats and stagecoaches, this video takes the viewer on a tour across America in 1876.  Though the nation varied greatly from region to region, change was happening everywhere in Centennial America.

Content Elements: U.S. territory/geography; population growth/ immigrants; New York City; industrial & capitalist economy; rich & poor; transcontinental railroad; Chicago/St. Louis; Major League Baseball; Pacific Express; General George Custer; American Indians; Battle of Little Big Horn; Brigham Young/Mormons; Donner Party; San Francisco; Portland; Santa Fe; Mexican Americans; Mark Twain/The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; African Americans; Charleston; phosphate mining; discrimination/women's rights/labor strikes.


Chapter 18

The Rush of the Express (09:44)

Video Description: The reasons for the rapid and extensive Industrialization during the Gilded Age are explained in this video

Content Elements: Cornelius Vanderbilt; National transportation and communication; Railroad’s role; Telegraph; Population growth/labor; Oil production is Big business; John D. Rockefeller; monopoly; technology; efficiency; laisser-faire; business and political corruption.


A National Culture (02:49)

Video Description: The rise of urban America in the late 19th century transformed the nation in many ways. This video summarizes both the root causes of this shift (industrialization and immigration) and the lasting effects it has had on the nation.

Content Elements: Urban America/urbanization; immigrants/immigration; Brooklyn Bridge; diversity, assimilation; nativism, tolerance.


Luck and Pluck (06:22)

Video Description: This video segment analyzes the cultural support for business and wealth in the late nineteenth century.

Content Elements: Horatio Alger, Jr. and “rags to riches”; Social Darwinism; “Gospel of Wealth”/A. Carnegie; consumer culture; obvious and growing disparities between rich and poor.


They Dared Not Stop Working (05:13)

Video Description: By the end of the 19th century, the wages system was a prominent part of American society. The men, women and children who worked as wage laborers faced long hours under hazardous conditions for minimal pay. This video examines the diversity of the work force, working conditions, and nature of the work found in the unregulated world of wage labor.

Content Elements: Wage labor; heterogeneous working class; child labor; factory system/textile mills/sweatshops; lack of government protection; long hours/ low wages/ hazardous working conditions; gap between rich and poor; employers/managers attitudes toward workers.


Chapter 19

The Big Apple (8:14)

Video Description: During the massive immigration of the late 19th century, a vast majority of people coming to America landed in New York City. This video explores the causes and consequences of this movement. The immigrant life is brought into focus by looking at the social and political structures that developed in the city and the way in which people coped with their urban condition. A personal story of a Polish-Austrian Jewish family is featured.

Content Elements: Urban America/urbanization; immigrants/immigration; New York; ethnic neighborhoods; living in tenements; early efforts at tenement reforms; urban bosses.


A National Culture (2:49)

Video Description: The rise of urban America in the late 19th century transformed the nation in many ways. This video summarizes both the root causes of this shift (industrialization and immigration) and the lasting effects it has had on the nation.

Content Elements: Urban America/urbanization; immigrants/immigration; Brooklyn Bridge; diversity, assimilation; nativism, tolerance.


Costs and Benefits (3:02)

Video Description: The rapid Industrialization that took place in the late nineteenth century had major consequences. This video sums up the benefits and the costs.

Content Elements: Urban Nation/Industrial Nation; consumer goods/lower prices; bigger profits; de-personalization of work place; deplorable working conditions; Urban stress; Environmental destruction/Pollution.


Chapter 20

The Farmers’ Alliance (5:28)

Video Description: This video is examines how agrarian reformers proposed to address the major issues facing farmers in the late 19th century.  The resistance to their economic proposals propelled them toward politics and a third-party.

Content Elements: “Gone to Texas”; farmers’ cooperatives; the Farmers’ Alliance movement; political organization; St. Louis convention of 1892.


Pullman (4:53)

Video Description: The Pullman Strike was a defining moment in the union movement of the late 19th century. This video analyzes the origins of this event, its outcome and its effect on the union movement as a whole.

Content Elements: Pullman, Illinois/company town; Pullman strike; American Railway Union; Eugene Debs; use of injunction; socialism v. capitalism.

Eric Arneson.


Chapter 21

A Democratic Empire? (7:46)

Video Description: The results of the Spanish-American War put the United States in a position of becoming an imperial power.  This video analyzes America’s decision to engage in imperialism and the immediate effects of that decision in the Philippines.

Content Elements: Spanish-American War; Philippine Islands; William McKinley; Treaty of Paris, 1898; pro-imperialist and anti-imperialist arguments; Manifest Destiny; markets; missionaries; Mark Twain; Filipino-American war/indigenous revolutions; Theodore Roosevelt; democratic empire.


The Hawaiian Coup (2:46)

Video Description: American involvement in a political coup in Hawaii in 1893 highlighted a shift in United States foreign policy.  This video introduces the major factors that contributed to this shift.

Content Elements: Hawaii; Sanford Dole; Queen Liliuokalani; Grover Cleveland; Pearl Harbor.  Summer 2016


Chapter 22

The Radical Center (9:48)

Video Description: At the start of 20th century, a new broad-based reform movement began to emerge. Known as progressivism, this movement was led by individuals out to change the inequalities and corruption found in America. This video examines who progressives were and why they approached issues as they did.

Content Elements: Progressive motives; middle-class men and women; Jane Addams; Hull House; social work; Social Purity Movement; Margaret Sanger, reproductive rights/birth control; Frances Perkins; Fighting Bob LaFollette; progressive income tax; GeorgeVanderbilt; Biltmore Estate; Gifford Pinchot; U.S. Forest Service; Theodore Roosevelt; conservation; race relations; African-Americans; W.E.B. Du Bois; NAACP; segregation; individual freedom/government power; progressive paradoxes.


Conservation (2:09)

Video Description: Among Theodore Roosevelt’s most lasting contributions is the conservation of a vast quantity of federal lands into national parks, monuments and protected wilderness. This video examines the idea of conservation and the steps Roosevelt and others took to insure its implementation.

Content Elements: Theodore Roosevelt; conservation; Gifford Pinchot; John Muir; limiting business freedom; duty to posterity


Laboratories for Change (5:25)

Video Description: The horrific fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York City in 1911 was a catalyst for state reforms in the work place. This video examines the creation, effects and limitations of these reforms.

Content Elements: Fire at New York City’s Triangle Shirtwaist Factory; Charlie Murphy; Alfred E. Smith; Robert F. Wagner; Frances Perkins; Tammany Hall; labor reform; tax reform; limits of progressive at the state level; industrial capitalism.


Progressives and Segregation (2:20)

Video Description: Given their forward thinking, the progressives’ stance on race relations is difficult to understand. This video examines the reasons for the progressives’ support of segregation.

Content Elements: African-Americans; race relations; W.E.B. Du Bois; NAACP; segregation; individual freedom/government power; a progressive paradox.

Michael McGerr, Indiana University.


Chapter 23

The Square Deal (5:59)

Video Description: This video analyzes the success Progressives had in addressing the major national issues of the era including the fight to rein in the power of big business and to conserve natural resources.

Content Elements: Theodore Roosevelt; Progressives/Progressivism; big business; antitrust suits; Northern Securities Company; J.P. Morgan; Rockefeller’s Standard Oil; American Tobacco Company; “muckrakers”; Upton Sinclair/The Jungle; Pure Food & Drugs Act/Meat Inspection Act; consumer protection; conservation; Gifford Pinchot; John Muir; Woodrow Wilson; limiting business freedom; duty to posterity.


Progressive Women (5:07)

Video Description: This video analyzes the role women played in the progressive movement and highlights several key figures.

Content Elements: Progressive motives; middle-class women; Jane Addams; Hull House; social work; Social Purity Movement; Margaret Sanger; reproductive rights/birth control; Frances Perkins.


Chapter 24

Crusade For Democracy (8:05)

Video Description: This video analyzes the social, economic and political effects of the wartime mobilization on the American home front.

Content Elements: Selective Service Act; the Draft/draft boards; progressive reforms/women’s suffrage/prohibition; the Great Migration and its effects; Committee on Public Information; Sedition and Espionage Acts; civil liberties during wartime; anti-German American actions.


Over There (6:25)

Video Description: This video examines America’s involvement in World War I and President Woodrow Wilson’s attempt to shape the peace.

Content Elements: U.S. troops in Europe; Wilson’s Fourteen Points; Armistice; Paris Peace Conference; Treaty of Versailles; the League of Nations; Senate rejection of League and Treaty.


Beyond American Boundaries (3:35)

Video Description: By the early 20th century, America was the dominant power in the Western Hemisphere.  As the events of that era showed, America’s power brought complexity with it.  This video examines the contradiction between U.S. rhetoric and action and notes the parallels between American activities at the turn of the 20th century and the early 21st century.

Content Elements: Complexities of being a world power; connections of world affairs to national welfare; conflict between rhetoric & action, parallels to early 21st century American foreign policy.


WWI Synopsis (2:32)

Video Description: This video segment provides a synopsis of the causes of the First World War and of the fighting in Europe prior to U.S. entry.

Content Elements: World War I; Archduke Ferdinand’s assassination; Nationalism/Militarism/Economic rivalry/public opinion/ leadership; Russian front; trench warfare.





Chapter 25: Videos we will be using - Spring 2020

Professor Donald Miller (Start at 6:15–17:00). The Roaring Twenties take to the road in Henry Ford's landscape-altering invention -- the Model T. Ford's moving assembly line, the emergence of a consumer culture, and the culmination of forces let loose by these entities in Los Angeles are all explored by Professor Miller. Take thorough notes during the videos.  Use complete sentences.
The Roaring Twenties (end early at 4:24) Use complete sentences.
The Roaring Twenties Come to an End (2.53) Use complete sentences.
My lecture: forthcoming (please be patient)
Class Notes: Take down as many notes as you can from my lecture. Please use complete sentences. Attach lined paper with those notes.



Videos not used - Spring 2020


Video Description: “Fordism” refers to the workplace and marketing practices pioneered by Henry Ford in the automobile industry. This video looks at why this phrase came to symbolize the new economy of the 1920s.

Content Elements: “Fordism”; five-dollar day; monotony of factory work; “welfare capitalism.”


Harlem Renaissance (4:09)

Video Description: This video analyzes African-American culture in the 1920s. In particular, it spotlights the burst of creativity known as the Harlem Renaissance.

Content Elements: W.E.B. Du Bois; African American intellectuals; reactions to anti-evolution southerners; Harlem Renaissance; Zora Neale Hurston; Aaron Douglas; jazz music


Hoover’s Response(2:00)

Video Description: This brief video analyzes President Hoover’s response to the Great Depression.

Content ElementsGreat Depression; Herbert Hoover; unemployment/mass poverty; local & state government; voluntarism.


The American We Recognize(2:35)

Video Description: Using the reaction to of the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti as a starting point, this video briefly assesses the significance of the 1920s in shaping a modern America.

Content Elements: 1920s; Sacco and Vanzetti, John Dos Passos/two nations; cultural division/cultural integration; automobiles/radio.


The Lost Generation(2:29)

Video Description: This video uses the trial and imprisonment of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti to introduce the complexities of the 1920s. The postwar decade would be a time of great change in America as the lure of modernity clashed with the weight of tradition.

Content Elements: New Era/Jazz Age/Roaring Twenties/Lost Generation; Red Scare; Sacco and Vanzetti.


The Old Radio Won’t Do(6:40)

Video Description: Radio became a fixture in American life during the 1920s. This video examines how radio transformed and reflected a changing national culture.

Content Elements: 1920s; radio/KDKA in Pittsburgh; technological & stylistic obsolescence; radio advertising/consumer culture/daytime radio/soap operas; changing gender roles/flapper girl; national popular culture; leisure time.


The Tribal Twenties(8:31)

Video Description: The 1920s were a time of great social and cultural change. This video analyzes significant reactions to these changes.

Content Elements: 1920s; Scopes “Monkey” Trial; teaching evolution in public schools; American Civil Liberties Union/Clarence Darrow; William Jennings Bryan; Inherit the Wind; W.E.B. DuBois; African American intellectuals; Harlem Renaissance; Zora Neale Hurston; Aaron Douglas; jazz music; Marcus Garvey; racial pride; Ku Klux Klan; nativism; National Origins Act; ethic



Chapter 26

A Big Deal (2:58)

Video Description: The video provides a summary analysis of the significance of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal in American history.

Content Elements: The New Deal successes & limits; reality of presidential power; Franklin D. Roosevelt; terms for modern political debates; effects on workers; institutional structure for a more secure America.


A Direct Connection (9:56)

Video Description: This video analyzes President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s leadership qualities and the effects of New Deal labor legislation.

Content Elements: FDR’s appeal/personality/leadership traits; Fireside Chats; experimentation/work relief; restructuring the economy; The Wagner Act, Labor Movement/Unions; AFL; John L. Lewis; CIO; “sit-down” strike; union recognition; Fair Labor Standards Act.


A New Deal Begins (2:06)

Video Description: When President Franklin D. Roosevelt told the American people in 1933 that “the only thing we need to fear is fear itself,” he gave hope to a depressed nation.  This video segment introduces FDR and his New Deal.

Content Elements: Great Depression; Franklin D. Roosevelt; legislation of the First 100 Days.


Experiencing the Depression (4:21)

Video Description: Presenting the personal stories of a diverse group of individuals and families who lived through the Great Depression, this video paints a vivid image of what American life was really like at that time.

Content Elements: Great Depression; Woody Guthrie’s music; Neebe family/Chicago; Deloria family/South Dakota; McAden family/ Oklahoma; Archuleta family/New Mexico; Yung family/San Francisco; Fung family/ Chinatown; Dingenthal family/New York.


Hard Time Blues (8:59)

Video Description: This video examines how the American people coped with the hardships of the Great Depression.

Content Elements: Great Depression; Woody Guthrie’s music; Neebe family/Chicago; Deloria family/South Dakota; McAden family/Oklahoma; Archuleta family/New Mexico; Yung family/San Francisco; Fung family/ Chinatown; Dingenthal family/New York; riding the rails/homeless; women; African Americans; black unemployment; Mexican Americans; farm labor; displacement/deportation/repatriation; psychological impact; individualism.


Lost in the Movies (1:34)

Video Description: As the Great Depression deepened in the 1930s, Americans flocked to the movies as a means of escape.  This video briefly looks at this new national pastime.

Content Elements: Great Depression; movies/theaters/American film industry


Making Life More Secure (5:17)

Video Description: Of all the New Deal legislation, the Social Security Act was the most successful at reducing the fears of American people about their financial insecurities.  Its profound effects are analyzed in this video.

Content Elements: Social Security Act; FDIC/SEC/labor legislation; Old Age Pension; Unemployment Insurance; limits/exclusions of the act; Frances Perkins.


Mexican Americans and the Depression (1:37)

Video Description: Mexican Americans were profoundly and uniquely affected by the Great Depression.  This video examines their experience.

Content Elements: Great Depression; Mexican Americans; farm labor; displacement/deportation/repatriation.



Chapter 27

A Common Purpose (6:32)

Video Description: This video explains the main features of American foreign policy from the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939 to the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Content Elements: Adolf Hitler and Germany’s aggression; appeasement; Neville Chamberlain/Munich/Poland/Britain/France; U.S. neutrality; German Blitzkrieg; Norway/Denmark/Holland/Belgium, Winston Churchill; Franklin Roosevelt; “arsenal of democracy”; Lend-Lease; Charles Lindbergh/isolationists; Atlantic Charter meeting.


At the Summit of the World (2:10)

Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the consequences of World War II, particularly as it affected the transformation of the United States into a position of world leadership.

Content Elements: World Leadership; U.S. position in 1945; United Nations.


Prisoners at Home (2:51)

Video Description: Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, over 100,000 Japanese Americans were forced to relocate to internment centers.  This video analyzes the reasons why this happened and both the short-term and long-term consequences of this action.

Content Elements: World War II; Pearl Harbor; anti-Japanese sentiment; Japanese Americans; assembly centers/internment centers; Japanese American soldiers.


The Final Solution (7:19)

Video Description: This video examines the horrors of the Holocaust by presenting personal stories and by analyzing Nazi actions and U.S. and Allied responses.

Content Elements: Concentration camps/genocide; The Final Solution/Holocaust; Hitler/Nazi Germany; Kristallnacht; FDR; horrors revealed; Rosa Blum’s story.


Chapter 28

The Iron Curtain (7:36)

Video Description: This video analyzes the origins of the Cold War and the development and application of the containment policy in Europe.

Content Elements: United States/Soviet Union; origins of the Cold War; liberal capitalism v. authoritarian socialism/communism; eastern European bloc; iron curtain; Winston Churchill/Joseph Stalin; Harry Truman; George Kennan; containment; Truman Doctrine; Western Europe; the Marshall Plan; Berlin/East & West Germany; Berlin blockade/Berlin airlift; National Security Council document #68 (NSC-68); US military build-up.


The Third World (7:05)

Video Description: This video analyzes the application of containment in Asia and also explains how the Cold War affected American defense strategy and policy decisions in the Middle East and Latin America.

Content Elements: Third World; national liberation movements; the Cold War; Soviet Union; Mao Zedong/Chiang Kai-shek; Chinese communist revolution/People’s Republic of China; North Korea/South Korea; containment policy; Harry Truman; United Nations; 38th parallel; Chinese intervention; Dwight D. Eisenhower; armistice; covert operations; arms build-up/nuclear weapons; CIA; U.S. oil interests/dependency; Middle East; Saudi Arabia, Iran, Mossadegh/the Shah; Guatemala/Jacob Arbenz; Latin America/right-wing dictatorial regimes; Fidel Castro; Cuba/Batista regime; Cuban sugar; Nikita Khrushchev.


The Korean Conflict (2:21)

Video Description: The Cold War escalated when the Soviet backed army of North Korea invaded the U.S. backed South Korea in 1950.  This video analyzes the American response – which carried the containment policy to Asia.

Content Elements: Mao Zedong/Chiang Kai-shek; Chinese Communist Revolution/People’s Republic of China; North Korea/South Korea; containment policy; Harry Truman; United Nations; 38th parallel; Chinese intervention; Dwight D. Eisenhower; armistice.



Chapter 29

We Protest Courageously (9:29)

Video Description: This video analyzes how and why the barriers of segregation began to break down during the late 1940s & 1950s.

Content Elements: Rhythm & Blues music; Jackie Robinson; President Harry Truman/Desegregation of the Military; Brown vs. the Board of Education; Thurgood Marshall; Resistance to integration; Equal rights/social realities;  Rosa Parks; Martin Luther King, Jr.; Montgomery, Alabama, black community; E.D. Nixon; Bus boycott; Role of federal government in integration.


Cars and Guns (2:24)

Video Description: This video analyzes how the Cold War provided a stimulus to the American economy in the 1950s.  The Interstate Highway System and the emergence of the military-industrial complex are the focus points.

Content Elements: Car Culture; Military Spending; South & West gain defense industries; military-industrial complex; Cold War; Interstate Highway System; Economic growth.


TV: A Vast Wasteland (1:45)

Video Description: This video provides a montage of TV images from the 1950s (“the golden age of television”) and suggests some of television’s early effects on American society.

Content Elements: TV; TV programming; TV viewing; TV commercials; The 1950s; Vast Wasteland.


Rosa Park’s Challenge (4:10)

Video Description: In 1955 when Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, she started a chain of events that led to a bus boycott in that city.  This video examines why the boycott was successful and its importance in the emerging Civil Rights movement.

Content Elements: Rosa Parks; Martin Luther King, Jr.; The Civil Rights Movement; Boycotts; the Montgomery, Alabama black community; E.D. Nixon; Role of federal government in integration.

Steven Lawson, Rutgers University.
Clayborne Carson, Stanford University.



Chapter 30

A Sense of Purpose (2:07)

Video Description: This video provides a brief summary analysis of the benefits and costs of the Cold War up to 1961.

Content Elements: Dwight Eisenhower; Soviet Union/Central Europe/Western Germany/Japan/North & South Korea/China; the Cold War; militaristic/simplistic policies & proposals; CIA; nuclear arms race.


Civil Rights Movement (4:04)

Video Description: The Civil Rights Movement in the United States grew from a bus boycott by Rosa Parks in 1955 to a nationwide call to end segregation and racial discrimination. It brought sweeping changes including changes in the law that enabled black citizens to vote.

Content Elements: American Civil Rights Movement, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Desegregation, Integration, Civil Disobedience, 1960’s, Ku Klux Klan, hate groups, activism, peaceful protest, Million Man March.

Supply-Side Theory (6:22)

Video Description: The problems of unemployment and inflation continued to challenge economic theories from the 1960s into the 1980s. This video traces the evolution of economic thought from the Keynesian influence on John F. Kennedy’s policies through the supply-side economics of the Ronald Reagan administration.


Content Elements: Economic theories, Keynesian economics, supply-side economics, John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, Philips curve, tax cuts, oil embargo of 1973, aggregate demand curve, aggregate supply curve, stagflation, deregulation.


The Assassinations of MLK & RFK (2:24)

Video Description: This video examines how the 1968 assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert Kennedy affected the Civil Rights Movement.

Content Elements: Memphis, Tennessee; assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.; ideological extremism; assassination of Robert F. Kennedy.

Julian Bond, NAACP Board of Directors.


The Order of Succession(5:58)

Video Description: The assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963 prompted the 25th amendment dealing with presidential succession, filling a vacancy in the office of vice-president, and the transfer of power should a president become incapacitated. The Watergate Scandal saw the amendment used for the first time when President Nixon’s vice-president Spiro Agnew resigned from office.

Content Elements: U.S. Constitution, 25th Amendment, the American Presidency, Presidential Assassinations, Abraham Lincoln, John F. Kennedy Assassination, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Spiro Agnew, Watergate, Ronald Reagan


Civil Rights Act(4:15)

Video Description: This video analyzes the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was skillfully prodded through Congress by President Lyndon Johnson following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Content Elements: Civil Rights Movement; bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church; Kennedy Assassination; Dallas, Texas; Walter Cronkite; Lyndon Johnson; the “Johnson treatment”; Civil Rights Act; integration of public life.


The Cuban Missile Crisis(3:38)

Video Description: The Cuban Missile Crisis in October of 1962 pushed the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war.  This video analyzes the origin and eventual resolution of the crisis.

Content Elements: Cuban Missile Crisis; John F. Kennedy; President Kennedy’s Inaugural Address; Cold War/containment/Soviet Union/Cuba/Fidel Castro; CIA; nuclear missiles; Quarantine/Blockade of Cuba; Robert McNamara; Premier Khrushchev; Llewellyn Thompson.


Students Protest Loudly(2:24)

Video Description: This video highlights the turmoil of the mid-1960s, culminating with the riot at the Democratic Party convention in Chicago in 1968.

Content Elements: Mario Savio/free speech; "new" left/urban nots/Vietnam war protests; Robert Kennedy's assassination; 1968 Democratic Party Convention/Chicago riot.


Black Power (7:13)

Video Description: This video examines why the African American Civil Rights Movement splintered and lost momentum after 1965.

Content Elements: African Americans; poverty/joblessness/discrimination/riots/economic inequality; Civil Rights Movement; radicalization; Malcolm X; Nation of Islam; urban ghettos; black pride/separatism/self-defense; Mecca; Stokely Carmichael, “Black Power”; Memphis, Tennessee; assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.; ideological extremism; assassination of Robert F. Kennedy; 1968 Olympics; community involvement/black elected officials/social services/social justice.



Chapter 31

Nixon & Vietnam (5:53)

Video Description: This video analyzes how Richard Nixon handled the Vietnam War once he became president in 1968.

Content Elements: Richard Nixon; Henry Kissinger; Vietnam War; Cold War/Soviet Union/China/; "Vietnamization"; Cambodia/Anti-war movement/Kent State; war veterans; William Broyes; John Kerry; Pentagon Papers; peace treaty; American evacuation from Saigon.


A New Nixon? (6:05)

Video Description: This video analyzes the domestic priorities, policies, and politics of President Richard M. Nixon.

Content Elements: Nixon the politician; last liberal/first conservative; Federal Programs redefined/Civil Rights/housing/poverty programs/Support to the Arts; Earth Day; EPA; clean air/water; Environmentalism.


Limits of Presidential Power: Watergate (9:22)

Although not delineated in the Constitution, the right of 'executive privilege' has been used by American presidents throughout history to withhold from other branches of the federal government confidential communications in the executive branch. In 1974, President Richard Nixon invoked executive privilege to avoid releasing evidence that could implicate him in the cover-up of the Watergate break-in. Eventually the Supreme Court was forced to test the limits of presidential power. In this video, Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox recalls the dramatic events that led to Nixon's resignation and offers his perspective on the legal questions surrounding Nixon's use of executive privilege


Beneath the Surface: Declining Liberalism (2:20)

Video Description: This video provides a summary analysis of the decline of liberalism in the 1970s.

Content Elements: Consequences of the Civil Rights movement and successes; white middle-class voters; new conservative coalition; significance of Nixon's resignation.


Peace…with Honor? (6:51)

Video Description: This video analyzes the reasons why the United States eventually withdrew its military forces from Vietnam and assesses the changing relationship of the United States with the Soviet Union and China during this era.

Content Elements: Lyndon B. Johnson; Vietnam; 1968 presidential election; Richard Nixon; Henry Kissinger; Cold War/Soviet Union/China; “Vietnamization”; Cambodia/Anti-war movement/Kent State; war veterans; William Broyles; John Kerry; Pentagon Papers; public opinion; peace treaty; American evacuation from Saigon.


A Contrast: Carter and Reagan (13:38)

Video Description: This segment analyzes and contrasts the administrations of President Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan. It cites Carter’s major achievement as the Camp David Middle East Peace Accords, and his failures in leadership and in gaining the release of American hostages held in Tehran. It cites Reagan’s strengths as a visionary, great communicator and contributor to ending the Cold War, and his failures at managing details and responsibility for the Iran Contra Affair.

Content Elements: U.S. Government, the American Presidency, American History, Jimmy Carter, Menachem Begin, Anwar Sadat, Ronald Reagan, Camp David Accord, Middle East, Iranian Hostage Situation, Ayatollah Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini, Cold War, Iran Contra Affair, use of “bully pulpit.”

Arthur Schlesinger, Presidential Historian, Author of “The Imperial Presidency”.

Thomas Cronin, Political Scientist, Author of “Paradoxes of the American Presidency”.


The Reagan Revolution (5:45)

Video Description: This video analyzes the presidential election of 1980, the presidency of Ronald Reagan and the politics of the 1980s.

Content Elements: Jimmy Carter; oil crisis/Afghanistan/Iranian hostage crisis; Ronald Reagan; populist messages; conservatives; Republican party; military expenditures/tax cuts/social spending; budget deficit; scandals/Teflon president; George H.W. Bush; conservatism/conservative rhetoric; cold war. 


Here to Stay (2:07)

Video Description: This video briefly analyzes the legacy of the conservative resurgence in American politics that occurred between 1980 and 2001.

Content Elements: Ronald Reagan; George H.W. Bush; Bill Clinton; George W. Bush; conservatives; big government; Republicans/Democrats.


The Rise of the Right (6:16)

Video Description: The development and growth of the conservative movement (the New Right) in the 1960s and 1970s are analyzed in this video.

Content Elements: Barry Goldwater; Ronald Reagan; political and economic conservatives/social and religious conservatives; women's movement; Equal Rights Amendment; Gloria Steinem; Stop ERA; Phyllis Schlafly; pro-family movement; state legislatures/media; feminists/anti-feminists; Moral Majority; traditional values.


Chapter 32

The New World Order (8:23)

Video Description: This video analyzes U.S. diplomacy, intervention, and mediation in the post-Cold War world of the 1990s.

Content Elements: United States foreign policy; George H. W. Bush; Saddam Hussein/United Nations/Iraqi invasion of Kuwait; U.S.-led UN coalition; Persian Gulf War of 1991; The Clinton Administration's foreign policy; Slobodan Milosevic/Serbia/Kosovo; Human rights violations; Genocide; Rwanda; Conflicts in the Middle East; Israel/ Palestinians.


Bill Clinton (1:47)

Video Description: This video analyzes the rise of Bill Clinton in the Democratic Party and his win in the 1992 presidential election.

Content Elements: Bill Clinton; personal & political skills; Democratic Leadership Council, centrist politics; economy/jobs/campaigning.


Free Trade (3:00)

Video Description: This video examines the role free trade plays in economic globalization.

Content Elements: E.M. Forster; globalization; exchange of information, population, culture, disease, & contraband; free trade; eliminating barriers; tariffs; standards of living; NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement); Ross Perot; automobiles/Toyota; Mexico/North America; regional labor issues.


Impeachment (1:37)

Video Description: This video analyzes the impeachment of President Clinton during his second term in office.

Content Elements: Bill Clinton; political scandal/Monica Lewinsky; impeachment; political polarization; media coverage.